Aesculapian Rat Snake

Scientific Name: Elaphe Longissima

Aesculapian Rat Snake

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Aesculapian Rat Snake, is a large and slender snake, dwells in Europe. It falls in the species of Elaphe (Colubrids) and known as a self-sustaining and an excellent tree climber. It appeared in Northern Whales in the 1970s and is considered an alien subspecies in the United Kingdom.

This reptile is a non-venomous snake that poses no danger to humans. It does not have a hint of hind limbs. It is dark and plain with adults being olive-tan and the young ones having a dark bar that fades with time but is sometimes maintained into adulthood. This snake is an old world reptile classified among the largest among the snakes with solid teeth. An adult measures a length of about 2 meters. It was considered sacred among the ancient Greeks who associated with the god of Medicine.

This reptile has smooth scales that do not change from juvenile from its early age into adulthood. It constricts its prey and often eats their heads first. It feeds on rats and moles together with other small mammals. The adults have poorly defined continuous stripes or virtually a single color.

Aesculapian Rat Snakes Are Beautiful Creatures

Aesculapian Rat Snake

Facts About Aesculapian Rat Snakes

Geographic Location

The Elaphe longissima is the only species of the Elaphe that is common among American pet breeders. It is found in the east of Iberian Peninsula, eastwards to the south of Europe to Iran, Sicily, Beskidy Mountains of Poland, Loire Valley regions of France, and southern Italy.


Elaphe longissima is a terrestrial snake of dry, sunny, sandy, and arid climatic conditions. It inhabits old rocks of buildings and crevices, ruins, hedgerows, and open woodlands.


Elaphe longissima is a docile reptile with a calm but agile nature. When it strikes in self-defense, it strikes from upward position and vibrates the tail.


Female lays about 5 to 8 eggs usually in the months of June or July.


It does well in captivity; neonates could be fed pink mice for meals.

Aesculapian Rat Snake
Snakes can’t bite food so they have to swallow it whole.